The first of these two paintings by Matthias Stomer is labelled ‘Christ before Pilate’; the second, ‘Pilate washes his hands after condemning Jesus’. But the figure called Pilate is clearly a Jewish elder (Caiaphas?), not a Roman. Romans were always clean-shaven, not bearded: the word ‘barbarian’ comes from the Latin for ‘beard’.
Is it the painter’s mistake, or the art specialists’?