Questions for Bible study groups
- Why might Jesus have called Peter ‘the rock’?
- What miracles of Jesus did Peter see?
- What did Peter do at the Last Supper? At the death of Jesus? On the morning of the Resurrection?
- What happened to Peter in the years after the death of Jesus?
Who was Peter?
Peter was a Galilean fisherman who lived on the shores of the Sea of Galilee (see top right of map) with his wife, his brother Andrew and his mother-in-law.
People at the time worked as a family unit, so the men and women of Peter’s family worked together to catch and preserve/dry fish for export to the surrounding towns.
This particular family was probably in partnership with Zebedee and his sons, James and John (Matthew 4:21).
Jesus calls the disciples
Like his father and brother Andrew, Simon Peter was a fisherman by trade, working on the Lake of Galilee. His family seems to have been caught up in the revival movement led by John the Baptist.
Peter met Jesus at Bethany through his brother Andrew, and was immediately impressed. Jesus called him ‘Peter’, the rock – an odd choice of name since Peter seems to have been passionate and impulsive rather than rock-like. Note: Jesus actually called Peter ‘Cephras’, which is the Aramaic equivalent of ‘Petros’, a rock.
Gospel reference: Matthew 4:18-22, Mark 1:16-20.
Jesus Calls the Disciples, Duccio