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'Christ Pantocrator' (Christ the Almighty)

Images of Christ

Annunciation, Dante Gabriel Rosetti, 1850

The Annunciation

The Virgin of the Veil, Aambrogio Borgognone, 1500

The birth of Jesus

Father and Son, by Corbert Gauthier

The family of Jesus

Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, Peter Paul Rubens & Jan Brueghel the Younger, 1628

Martha, Mary & Lazarus

Sculpture, Mary Magdalene turns to look at the risen Christ

Mary Magdalene

Michael Belk, photograph, detail

Jesus and children

Entry into Jerusalem, mosaic, Palermo cathedral

Entry into Jerusalem

Christ Cleansing the Temple, by Carl Heinrich Bloch, 1875, detail

Cleansing of the Temple

The Last Supper, Pierre Dancart, Seville Cathedral

The Last Supper

Christ in the Garden of Gethsemane, painting by Heinrich Hofmann, 1890

Agony in the Garden

The Kiss of Judas, (El Beso de Judas), Francisco Salzillo, carving, 1754

The Kiss of Judas

'Ecce Homo' (Behold the Man), Antonio Ciseri

Jesus and Pontius Pilate

The Crown of Thorns, Cranach

The Passion

Crucifixion, painting by Francis Bacon, 1933

The Crucifixion

The Pieta, sculpture by Michelangelo

Descent from the Cross

Burial of Christ by Caravaggio, detail of the face of Mary, mother of Jesus

The burial of Jesus

Bramantino, The Resurrected Christ, 1490

The Resurrection

Christ as portrayed in 'Passion of the Christ' movie

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Wise Men/Magi

Flight to Egypt

The Lost Boy

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Rejection at Nazareth

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Wedding at Cana

Gerasene Demoniac

Jairus' Daughter

Loaves & fishes

Transfiguration

Parables

Ten popular parables

The Good Samaritan

The Prodigal Son

The Rich Fool

Parable of the Seeds

Trial & Death

Entry into Jerusalem

Cleansing the Temple

Betrayal by Judas

The Last Supper

The Garden of Olives

Annas and Jesus

Caiaphas: the Trial

Peter's Denial

Herod and Pontius Pilate

The Scourging of Jesus

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Way of the Cross

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Jesus on the cross

Jesus dies

Burial of Jesus

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Magdalene at the Tomb

Peter and John

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Paintings of the Betrayal of Jesus by Judas

JUDAS BETRAYS JESUS 

Home                        Hidden meanings                           Bible study - Judas betrays Jesus                         The Gospel text


 

The soldiers who arrested Jesus did not know what he looked like. Judas, one of Jesus' friends, stepped forward, offering to identify Jesus so the soldiers would arrest the right man. He kissed Jesus, a common form of greeting, as a sign that this was the man they should arrest.

The Taking of Christ, Caravaggio, 1602

The Taking of Christ, Caravaggio, 1602

 


 

The Kiss of Judas, (El Beso de Judas), Francisco Salzillo, carving, 1754

The Kiss of Judas, (El Beso de Judas), Francisco Salzillo, carving, 1754

 


The Betrayal of Christ, Giovanni Barbieri, 1621

The Betrayal of Christ, Giovanni Barbieri, 1621

 


The Betrayal of Jesus, Giotto di Bondone, 1304

The Betrayal of Jesus, Giotto di Bondone, 1304

 


Conscience (Judas), Nicolai Ge

Conscience (Judas), Nicolai Ge

Judas watches as the soldiers lead Jesus away to his trial


The Capture of Jesus, Van Dyck

The Capture of Jesus, Van Dyck

 


Suicide of Judas, Gislebertus, 1120, Cathédrale de Saint-Lazare, Autun

Suicide of Judas, Gislebertus, 1120, Cathédrale de Saint-Lazare, Autun

 


Christ and Judas, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, 1912

Christ and Judas, Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, 1912, black and white print

 


The Arrest of Jesus, Pierre Dancart, Seville Cathedral

The Arrest of Jesus, Pierre Dancart, Seville Cathedral

 


Judas and the High Priests, Giotto

Judas and the High Priests, Giotto

 


The Betrayal of Christ, Caspar Isenmann

The Betrayal of Christ, Caspar Isenmann

 


The Arrest of Jesus, Albrecht Durer

The Arrest of Jesus, Albrecht Durer

 


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Paintings by

Giovanni Barbieri

Caravaggio

Pierre Dancart

Albrecht Durer

Nicolai Ge

Giotto di Bondone (1)

Giotto di Bondone (2)

Gislebertus

Caspar Isenmann

Francisco Salzillo

Karl Schmidt-Rottluff

Van Dyck

 

 

Things to know  about the betrayal of Jesus
  • A kiss was the normal form of greeting between two men who knew each other well.

  • The first three gospels (Matthew, Mark and Luke) tell how Judas came up to Christ and kissed him, a sign to the soldiers that this was the man they were to arrest. John makes no mention of the kiss but, on the contrary, describes how Christ identified himself to the soldiers with the words 'I am he', whereupon they 'drew back and fell to the ground'. 

  • Early Renaissance artists depict both the kiss and the fallen soldiers in the same scene. 

  • The more usual and consistent image shows Judas in the act of bestowing the kiss, surrounded by a throng of soldiers and Jewish elders. 

  • The soldiers are armed with spears and halberds and hold aloft torches and lanterns. Their leader is throwing a rope about Christ. Judas may be somewhat shorter than the Saviour. 

  • The incident of the cutting off of the servant's ear is rarely omitted. It is mentioned in all four gospels though only John names the participants: 'Thereupon Simon Peter drew the sword he was wearing and struck at the High Priest's servant, cutting off his right ear. The servant's name was Malchus.' This outburst is shown in various ways. In early Renaissance paintings both stand facing each other while Peter severs the ear with an almost formal gesture. In later examples they are depicted realistically struggling together on the ground.

  • Suicide, in this case of Judas, was anathema to Jewish people, because it pre-empted God's right to give and take life.

 

 

The Bible text     the betrayal of Jesus

Matthew 26:47-56

47 While he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a great crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the elders of the people. 48 Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "The one I shall kiss is the man; seize him." 49 And he came up to Jesus at once and said, "Hail, Master!" And he kissed him. 50 Jesus said to him, "Friend, why are you here?" Then they came up and laid hands on Jesus and seized him. 51 And behold, one of those who were with Jesus stretched out his hand and drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest, and cut off his ear. 52 Then Jesus said to him, "Put your sword back into its place; for all who take the sword will perish by the sword. 53 Do you think that I cannot appeal to my Father, and he will at once send me more than twelve legions of angels? 54 But how then should the scriptures be fulfilled, that it must be so?" 55 At that hour Jesus said to the crowds, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? Day after day I sat in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. 56 But all this has taken place, that the scriptures of the prophets might be fulfilled." Then all the disciples forsook him and fled.

Mark 14:43-52

43 And immediately, while he was still speaking, Judas came, one of the twelve, and with him a crowd with swords and clubs, from the chief priests and the scribes and the elders. 44 Now the betrayer had given them a sign, saying, "The one I shall kiss is the man; seize him and lead him away under guard." 45 And when he came, he went up to him at once, and said, "Master!" And he kissed him. 46 And they laid hands on him and seized him. 47 But one of those who stood by drew his sword, and struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his ear. 48 And Jesus said to them, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs to capture me? 49 Day after day I was with you in the temple teaching, and you did not seize me. But let the scriptures be fulfilled." 50 And they all forsook him, and fled. 51 And a young man followed him, with nothing but a linen cloth about his body; and they seized him, 52 but he left the linen cloth and ran away naked.

Luke22:47-53

47 While he was still speaking, there came a crowd, and the man called Judas, one of the twelve, was leading them. He drew near to Jesus to kiss him; 48 but Jesus said to him, "Judas, would you betray the Son of man with a kiss?" 49 And when those who were about him saw what would follow, they said, "Lord, shall we strike with the sword?" 50 And one of them struck the slave of the high priest and cut off his right ear. 51 But Jesus said, "No more of this!" And he touched his ear and healed him. 52 Then Jesus said to the chief priests and officers of the temple and elders, who had come out against him, "Have you come out as against a robber, with swords and clubs? 53 When I was with you day after day in the temple, you did not lay hands on me. But this is your hour, and the power of darkness."

John 18:1-12

1 When Jesus had spoken these words, he went forth with his disciples across the Kidron valley, where there was a garden, which he and his disciples entered. 2 Now Judas, who betrayed him, also knew the place; for Jesus often met there with his disciples. 3 So Judas, procuring a band of soldiers and some officers from the chief priests and the Pharisees, went there with lanterns and torches and weapons. 4 Then Jesus, knowing all that was to befall him, came forward and said to them, "Whom do you seek?" 5 They answered him, "Jesus of Nazareth." Jesus said to them, "I am he." Judas, who betrayed him, was standing with them. 6 When he said to them, "I am he," they drew back and fell to the ground. 7 Again he asked them, "Whom do you seek?" And they said, "Jesus of Nazareth." 8 Jesus answered, "I told you that I am he; so, if you seek me, let these men go." 9 This was to fulfil the word which he had spoken, "Of those whom thou gavest me I lost not one." 10 Then Simon Peter, having a sword, drew it and struck the high priest's slave and cut off his right ear. The slave's name was Malchus. 11 Jesus said to Peter, "Put your sword into its sheath; shall I not drink the cup which the Father has given me?" 12 So the band of soldiers and their captain and the officers of the Jews seized Jesus and bound him.

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Bible Study Guide:  Paintings and Artworks from the New Testament:  Judas betrays Jesus with a kiss, Jesus is arrested by the soldiers

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